China releases development plan for major ecosystem conservation projects£¨2021-2035£©

author:ifeng.com

The National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) and the Ministry of Natural Resources of the People’s Republic of China released China’ s major ecosystem conservation projects development plan (2021-2035) on 3June 2020. 
According to the plan, major ecosystem conservation projects shall substantially improve ecosystems across China by 2035. The plan’s key objectives include increasing China’s total forest coverage from 22.96% to 26%and China’s forest stock volumes from 15.14 billion m³to 21 billion m³. The natural forest area shall be kept at around 200 million hectares while the comprehensive vegetation coverage of grasslands shall increase from 55.7% to 60%. Further, the plan mandates that:

·  Wetland areas shall not decrease while their protection rate shall increase from 49% to 60%;

·  Soil and water conservation areas shall increase by 56.4 million hectares; 

·  Desertification shall be controlled in over 75% of the land exposed to it;

·  The coastal line preservation rate shall be kept at no less than 35%;

·  Nature conservation areas shall cover over 18% of China’s total land area, ensuring that all kinds of endangered wildlife are fully protected. 

Based on the plan, the National Forestry and Grassland Administration (NFGA) will develop major conservation projects by the end of 2020. NFGA plans to solve key ecological problems in major areas from 2021 to 2025 and fully implement the major conservation projects from 2026 to 2035. 

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